OVER POPULATION AN ALARMING SITUATION


INTRODUCTION

The world population has grown tremendously over the past two thousand years. In 1999, the world population passed the six billion mark. Latest official current world population estimate, for mid-year 2009, is estimated at 6,790,062,216 and this figure is kept on increasing.

OVER POPULATION AND ITS CAUSES

“Large Number of people too few resources and too little space.”

Pakistan is the third world country and facing all kinds of problems, unemployment is at peak, lack of basic facilities, terrorism, uncertainty and much more. All these problems are the outcome of poverty and poverty is the outcome of over population. It is the fact that when the population will increase beyond the limited resources than problems is something natural. ‘Large population is not a blessing but it is a curse for the nation as well as for the country and its resources’ No progress is possible without controlling population.

THE MOST RECENT DATA OF POPULATION INCREASE IN PAKISTAN

Total Population:174,578,558

Age Structure:
0-14 years: 36.7% (male 33,037,943/female 31,092,572)
15-64 years: 59.1% (male 53,658,173/female 49,500,786)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 3,495,350/female 3,793,734) (2009 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

1.555% (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 83

Birth Rate:
25.89 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death Rate:
7.21 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

EXPLAINATION
Birth rate is much higher than the death rate because of the more number of young members of the society. Pakistan population is increasing and there is a fear that in the near future it will creates more problems because of the non serious attitude of controlling population in our country among the married couples and lack of awareness results in high population growth rate.

CAUSES OF OVER POPULATION IN PAKISTAN

Some of the causes of over population in our country are as follows and if these cause should be controlled than we can control the rising population which is becoming the cause of rising problems ands threaten to national security.

Lack of Education:
Illiteracy is another important cause of overpopulation. Those lacking education fail to understand the need to prevent excessive growth of population. They are unable to understand the harmful effects that overpopulation has. They are unaware of the ways to control population. Lack of family planning is commonly seen in the illiterate lot of the world. This is one of the major factors leading to overpopulation. Due to ignorance, they do not take to family planning measures, thus contributing to a rise in population. In Pakistan rural areas there is a trend of large number of families and due to lack of awareness and proper knowledge people go on producing more and more children. So this trend could be changed if education will be provided to all members of the society.

HIGH BIRTH RATE

Thanks to the new discoveries in nutritional science, we have been able to bring in increase in the fertility rates of human beings. Medicines of today can boost the reproductive rate in human beings. There are medicines and treatments, which can help in conception. Thus, science has led to an increase in birth rate. This is certainly a reason to be proud and happy but advances in medicine have also become a cause of overpopulation.

POLYGAMY.

Polygamy means to have more than two wives at a time. Pakistan is a polygamous society and more than one marriage is acceptable and allowed in our religion. In rural areas polygamy is at the peak and its contributing in rise of population. So if we want to control population than polygamy should be discouraged.

DESIRE FOR MALE CHILD

We think that we are progressing and adopting new values and trends but this is really not true and this is a fact that parents prefer boys on girls and consider their son as their future asserts. Who can support them later in the life? So desire of male child is also the main reason of population growth in society like Pakistan. So if we want to control the rising population so we should consider boys and girls as same and value them. If this thing will be including in our thinking that girls also support their parents so this will discourage the practice of producing more and more children just for the desire of male child.

EARLY MARRIAGES
This is also the main reason of increase in population growth. As soon the girl grow parents start thinking for their marriages and when they find the reasonable proposal for them so they are in a hurry that they should get married and leave their education. Early marriages really contribute in rise in population growth and if we want to control it than early marriages should be avoided and education can help in delaying the age of marriage of the girls.

EFFECTS OF OVER POPULATION

The effects of over population are so many that you can not count them on your finger tips but the thing if that if we really want to progress than we have to control the limited size of the family and this will be in interest of all of us.

OVER POPULATION LEADS TO POVERTY.

UNEMPLOYMENT

UNHEALTHY ENVIRONMENT

HOUSING PROBLEM

HEALTH PROBLEM

PROPER CARE OF CHILDREN IN LIMITED RESOURCES

DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR

INCREASE IN CRIME BECAUSE OF LACK OF RESOURCES

And many more the effects of over population are adverse and they keep on increasing due to urbanization and industrialization. Large families lead to problems, problems and problems and they can only be controlled if people start planning their families according to the resources.

STEPS FOR CONTROLLING OVER POPULATION

Over population can be controlled but for the people need awareness and support of religious leaders because in majority of the illiterate families they considered over population as blessing, and controlling method of population as sin because of religious restrictions. But Allah hasn’t say that go on producing children beyond your resources and then throw their children like animals without fulfilling their needs and responsibilities. What I have witness that in poor families there is a trend of larger families and their children are the most affected one because they are far away from basic needs and necessities of life.

Some of the points of controlling over population are as under
-To avoid joint family system because in this system financial burden is shared by all the earning members and in this way families can not control their family size.

-Media can play an important role in discouraging large family size norms by giving public service messages and highlighting the importance of small family size.

-Importance and advantages of small family size should be promoted.

-Population control method should be promoted in married couple.

-Lady health worker should be increased in the rural areas to awrae the women about the concequences of larger families.

CONCLUSION

Hence, it is concluded that over population is the threat for the stability and strengthening of any nation. In the result inflation time larger families are not a blessing but a curse. So steps should be taken to aware the people that if the families will be small than they can enjoy their lives with all the facilities and the next coming generation will be healthy and organized due to the proper attention of parents. Education should be promoted in small villages and town. Importance and advantages of small family should be promoted in the newly married couples and the girls who are about to get married, because women health is also been affected with more children. So for a healthy family, healthy mother and progressive society population control is the most important aspect and

26 comments on “OVER POPULATION AN ALARMING SITUATION

  1. misbahyounas says:

    thankyou thankyou thankyou nayyab.very relevant information for my thesis again thankx,MAY ALLAH PAK BLESS U 4EVER…

  2. IQra says:

    yeah its nicely written according to topic …JAZAKALLAH

  3. Rizwan Riaz says:

    u should also add data about the background of over population in rural areas of pakistan that why overpopulation is a social problem today. what is its current situation.

  4. Dr. Muhammad Farooq says:

    I have gone through article and need its citation
    Dr. Muhammad Farooq

  5. abdl waheed says:

    this artical is v. good i like it v. much

  6. Peter Ginn says:

    Also very interesting is following link !!!

    http://degekgedraaidewereld.blogspot.com/2009/11/overbevolking-is-taboe.html

    You need to put on Dutch to English translator tough.

  7. hira says:

    detial on topic is fabulas.

  8. gen says:

    thank you very much…its very informative…and it helps me a lot…hope to read more from your blog….

  9. rizwan says:

    please write on the effect of overpapulation on health in rural area

  10. aishafaiz says:

    UR article is very informative 4 me.I have done my asignment thanks a loooooooooot.

  11. mudassir hamiya says:

    realy nyc data… it helps me to complete my assignment…:)

  12. muazam ali says:

    thankxx alot buddy .. i found my required matterial about this topic from here .. thankx again :)

  13. anila habib says:

    i am student of social work and this topic may be useful for my learning and achieving may objects.

  14. waseem says:

    ur blog is great thanx alot

  15. Olgas says:

    your article is very useful, it helped our group in finding the recquired information for our assignment. thanks a lot. God bless you.

  16. dua says:

    your article helpful 4 me.thanx

  17. dua says:

    your article is very good and helpful 4 me.thanx

  18. dua says:

    your article is very good.i got basic information.thanx

  19. Sweet Flowers says:

    Hi, your article is too god. I got much help from it.

  20. naila says:

    i have gone through your work it is very well done and i get so many knowledge from it for my thesis project .because of overpopulation there is so much problems created .i am sugesting you to work further on it so that i also get help .
    your sincere
    naila baloch
    student of B.E CIVIL

  21. Samina Qadir says:

    this article is really good and inspiring.i got very relevant information for my thesis.

  22. mohammad umar mubarik says:

    the stuff is really good and very helpful for me
    thanks
    m umar mubarik
    student of M.S GENDER STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB LAHORE

  23. Noman Hanif Khan says:

    i have gone through the data,which i found really productive,but for those who are educated and have already a know how of overpopulation,so my suggestion is that we should get into the field and there taught them in their perspective langue and for we need that leader who must have convincing power,so that would really be productive,early marriages,male child is very commonly practiced in the rural areas,so we should begin the com pain which would produce result.
    your sincere
    Noman Hanif Khan
    student of BBA(hons)

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