Unemployment is enforced idleness of wage earner who is able and willing to work but cannot find jobs. In societies like Pakistan where most people earn their living only by working for others being unable to find a job is a serious problem. In Pakistan population pressure lower the economic growth rate and resulting in poor or slow growth of country economy. According to the survey report the rate of unemployment in 1998 was 5.50 percent which increased to 7.82 percent by the year 2003. Thus the rate of unemployment in rural areas was 5 percent which increased to 69 4 percent, while the rate of unemployment in urban area was than 9 percent which increased to 9.9 percent by 2003. In Pakistan 50 percent of our population is composed of women who are treated as out of the work force.
Unemployment in Pakistan is increasing due to various causes but if these things can be controlled than unemployment rate can automatically decline.
Rapid Population Growth:
Rapid growth in the population is the main factor which is worsening the situation, but Pakistan is one of the most populated countries of the world with annual growth rate being nearly 3 percent. It means that about 1 million workers are added yearly to the existing labour force which calls for creating job opportunities. Increase in population contributed much in rising unemployment rate in Pakistan and if the population growth keep on increasing with the same ratio than it will create more problems.
Uncertainty and unrest in the country:
Uncertainty and unrest in Pakistan and the worsening law and order situation has played an important role in transferring the business to other countries, no foreign investors feel secure in investing in such a country in which their businesses are not secure. In Pakistan due to weak political system and unstable government structure. No foreign companies want to invest in unrest environment which become the cause of unemployment because of lack of jobs opportunities in the country. Karachi is the biggest industrial base of Pakistan, but investors are reluctant to invest there because of unrest and violence. If we really want to reduce unemployment rate in Pakistan so first steps should be taken for controlling the worst law and order situation in the country.
Education system of Pakistan
Deplorably low rate of literacy and deterioration in standard of education in the educational institutions contributed much in increasing unemployment rate. Our educational system is also responsible for increasing unemployment rate among the educated youth. Education system is divided into different categories. Students studying in government institutions will be less aware about the new technologies, ideas for surviving in this competitive world and unemployment rate is higher among such students. Besides education the attitude of our youth towards the choice of a career is unrealistic and unproductive. Rapid mechanization and computer technology also causing unemployment.
Pressure on one Industry:
In country like Pakistan where resources are not equally distributed in all sectors of the industry so in this way pressure on one particular industry and profession is a natural outcome. Previously for girls medical profession was the best choice and for boys engineering was the best options but now with the industrialization and urbanization things are changing with the boom of new technologies new industries are emerging and making the values in the market, I.T field is one of it and majority of the young generation want to join I.T industry and want to pursue it as a career because of availability of resources and it’s rising scope. So things are not handled in appropriate manner, as the vacancies are less but job seekers are more than. After I.T young generation are running behind commerce industry and majority of them have the degrees of MBA and BBA but their degrees are not paying them despite of the fact that they had paid huge fees and time in completing the degree and hoping for the better future in this field, but in return they didn’t get the 100 percent results which was expected by them.
So, pressure on few industries results in lack of opportunities and work force in other sectors and they become the neglected sectors of society because no one is willing to pursue the career in them. Importance of all industries should be highlighted and equal opportunities and facilities should be provided in all sectors so that no particular industry or profession face the burden which later on results in job shortage and unemployment.
Another reason why unemployment occurs is when there is a great economic depression, or now becomes famous with the term “global recession”. When economy fall down, many are becoming affected, most especially the employees. During this kind of situation, employer and other business owners will be force to reduce their workers in order to cope up with the right wages of the workers. There are so many causes why people become unemployed. However, the answer to this problem is still within your decision. Bear in mind that being unemployed can be voluntary or involuntary, thus, you can still make the best choice for your life, and that is to be employed or to remain unemployed and jobless at all. Whatever the cause of being unemployed if a person will still pursues to look for a job and become employed then there is no reason for you to stay unemployed.
Economic Revival package should announce by the government for the revival of industries sector, to stimulate production and investment.
Government should try to boost exports through broadening the tax base and lowering tariffs.
Government should announce multiple packages for the development of agriculture sector.
A number of fiscal and monetary measures should take attract industrialists and particularly foreign investment.
Technical training facilities should be provided. In this way unemployed people will get a chance to enhance their skills and become able to earn more reason able income.